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Program - Program Kami

JAWATAN KOSONG PERLU SEGERA ( 5 kekosongan ) - Temuduga Dibuat Setiap Bulan..

Jumaat, 21 November 2008

Normal Stages of Human Development (Birth to 5 Years)

Jika Carta Di BAwah Sukar Dibaca atau difahami sila layari

http://www.childdevelopmentinfo.com/development/normaldevelopment.shtml


Normal Stages of Human Development (Birth to 5 Years)





Physical and Emotional Social
Language



Birth
to
1 month
Feedings: 5-8 per day

Sleep: 20 hrs per day

Sensory Capacities: makes basic distinctions in vision, hearing, smelling, tasting, touch, temperature, and perception of pain
Generalized Tension Helpless
Asocial
Fed by mother
2 months
to
3 months
Sensory Capacities: color perception, visual exploration, oral exploration.

Sounds: cries, coos, grunts

Motor Ability: control of eye muscles, lifts head when on stomach.
Delight

Distress

Smiles at a Face
Visually fixates at a face, smiles at a face, may be soothed by rocking.
4 months
to
6 months
Sensory Capacities: localizes sounds

Sounds: babbling, makes most vowels and about half of the consonants

Feedings: 3-5 per day
Motor Ability: control of head and arm movements, purposive grasping, rolls over.
Enjoys being cuddled Recognizes his mother. Distinguishes between familiar persons and strangers, no longer smiles indiscriminately.

Expects feeding, dressing, and bathing.
7 months
to
9 months
Motor Ability: control of trunk and hands, sits without support, crawls about. Specific emotional attachment to mother.

Protests separation from mother.
Enjoys "peek-a-boo"
10 months
to
12 months
Motor Ability: control of legs and feet, stands, creeps, apposition of thumb and fore-finger.

Language: says one or two words, imitates sounds, responds to simple commands.

Feedings: 3 meals, 2 snacks

Sleep: 12 hours, 2 naps
Anger

Affection

Fear of strangers

Curiosity, exploration
Responsive to own name.

Wave bye-bye.

Plays pat-a-cake, understands "no-no!"

Gives and takes objects.
1 years
to
1 ½ years
Motor Ability: creeps up stairs, walks (10-20 min), makes lines on paper with crayon. Dependent Behavior

Very upset when separated
from mother

Fear of Bath
Obeys limited commands.

Repeats a few words.

Interested in his mirror image.

Feeds himself.
1 ½ years
to
2 years
Motor Ability: runs, kicks a ball, builds 6 cube tower (2yrs) Capable of bowel and bladder control.
Language: vocabulary of more than 200 words
Sleep: 12 hours at night, 1-2 hr nap
Temper tantrums (1-3yrs)

Resentment of new baby
Does opposite of what he is told (18 months).
2 years
to
3 years
Motor Ability: jumps off a step, rides a tricycle, uses crayons, builds a 9-10 cube tower.

Language: starts to use short sentences controls and explores world with language, stuttering may appear briefly.
Fear of separation

Negativistic (2 ½ yrs)

Violent emotions, anger

Differentiates facial expressions of anger, sorrow, and joy.

Sense of humor (Plays tricks)
Talks, uses "I" "me" "you"

Copies parents' actions.

Dependent, clinging, possessive about toys, enjoys playing alongside another child.

Negativism (2 ½ yrs).

Resists parental demands.

Gives orders.

Rigid insistence on sameness of routine. Inability to make decisions.
3 years
to
4 years
Motor Ability: Stands on one leg, jumps up and down, draws a circle and a cross (4 yrs) Self-sufficient in many routines of home life. Affectionate toward parents.

Pleasure in genital manipulation

Romantic attachment to parent of opposite sex
(3 to 5 yrs)

Jealousy of same-sex parent.

Imaginary fears of dark, injury, etc. (3 to 5 years)
Likes to share, uses "we"

Cooperative play with other children, nursery school. Imitates parents.

Beginning of identification with same-sex parent, practices sex-role activities. Intense curiosity & interest in other children's bodies.

Imaginary friend.
4 years
to
5 years
Motor ability: mature motor control, skips, broad jumps, dresses himself, copies a square and a triangle.

Language: talks clearly, uses adult speech sounds, has mastered basic grammar, relates a story, knows over 2,000 words
(5 yrs)
Responsibility and guild

Feels pride in accomplishment
Prefers to play with other children, becomes competitive prefers sex-appropriate activities.